Mind Map: Industrial Revolution and Karl Marx´s Histogram:

With my partners, Mati Giambruni and Gaston Posse, we were assigned to make a mind map on how the industrial revolution came to be, from  its beginnings to its social changes in society.

Mind Map

With my partner Gaston Posse, we were tasked to create a histogram belonging to Karl Marx.

We decided to go with a more updated version of the person, as how he would behave on social media nowadays.

You can see it in the following link:



Publicado en history, ingles | Deja un comentario

Evening in Paradise – Activity

-What kind of writer was he? Explain.

John Milton was an english writer and poet that lived throughout the 17th century. He was a loyal follower of the bible and was against the church of England and the monarchy. He supported Oliver Cromwell’ s government. The catholic religion had great influence over his work, and most importantly on “Paradise Lost”.

-He wrote Paradise Lost. What is it about?

The poem tells the story of Adam and Eve, how they were created, their staying in paradise and how they were tempted by Satan resulting in God vanishing them from that paradise that were granted to them.

-Now, read the poem and say what you understand from it using your own words. (work on vocabulary)

Now came still Evening on, and Twilight gray
Had in her sober livery all things clad;
Silence accompanied; for beast and bird,
They to their grassy couch, these to their nests
Were slunk, all but the wakeful nightingale.
She all night longer her amorous descant sung:
Silence was now pleased. Now glowed the firmament
With living Saphirs; Hesperus, that led
The starry host, rode brightest, till the Moon,
Rising in clouded majesty, at length
Apparent queen, unveiled her peerless light,
And o’er the dark her silver mantle threw;
When Adam thus to Eve: “Fair consort, the hour
Of night, and all things now retired to rest
Mind us of like repose; since God hath set
Labour and rest, as day and night, to men
Successive, and the timely dew of sleep,
Now falling with soft slumberous weight, inclines
Our eye-lids. Other creatures all day long
Rove idle, unemployed, and less need rest;
Man hath his daily work of body or mind
Appointed, which declares his dignity,
And the regard of Heaven on all his ways;
While other animals unactive range,
And of their doings God takes no account.
Tomorrow, ere fresh morning streak the east
With first approach of light, we must be risen,
And at our pleasant labour, to reform
Yon flowery arbours, yonder alleys green,
Our walk at noon, with branches overgrown,
That mock our scant manuring, and require
More hands than ours to lop their wanton growth.
Those blossoms also, and those dropping gums,
That lie bestrown, unsightly and unsmooth,
Ask riddance, if we mean to tread with ease.

Publicado en 4AC2017, language, literature | Deja un comentario

Favorite Song – Analysis

Stairway To Heaven

There’s a lady who’s sure all that glitters is gold
And she’s buying a stairway to heaven.
When she gets there she knows, if the stores are all closed
With a word she can get what she came for.
Ooh, ooh, and she’s buying a stairway to heaven.There’s a sign on the wall but she wants to be sure
‘Cause you know sometimes words have two meanings.
In a tree by the brook, there’s a songbird who sings,
Sometimes all of our thoughts are misgiven.

Ooh, it makes me wonder,
Ooh, it makes me wonder.

There’s a feeling I get when I look to the west,
And my spirit is crying for leaving.
In my thoughts I have seen rings of smoke through the trees,
And the voices of those who stand looking.

Ooh, it makes me wonder,
Ooh, it really makes me wonder.

And it’s whispered that soon, if we all call the tune,
Then the piper will lead us to reason.
And a new day will dawn for those who stand long,
And the forests will echo with laughter.

If there’s a bustle in your hedgerow, don’t be alarmed now,
It’s just a spring clean for the May queen.
Yes, there are two paths you can go by, but in the long run
There’s still time to change the road you’re on.
And it makes me wonder.

Your head is humming and it won’t go, in case you don’t know,
The piper’s calling you to join him,
Dear lady, can you hear the wind blow, and did you know
Your stairway lies on the whispering wind?

And as we wind on down the road
Our shadows taller than our soul.
There walks a lady we all know
Who shines white light and wants to show
How everything still turns to gold.
And if you listen very hard
The tune will come to you at last.
When all are one and one is all
To be a rock and not to roll.

And she’s buying a stairway to heaven.


Sigue leyendo

Publicado en 4AC2017, ingles, Tutorial: Literature | Deja un comentario

Marie Antoinette – History Virtual Period

1- Marie Antoinette is sometimes referred to as “The Teenage Queen”. What attitudes in the movie can show that?  She was refered to as the “Teenage queen” due to the fact that she behaved as a teenager, she was always going and organising parties and drinking all the time. Also, she had a childish personality. Moreover, she she defyied some rules such as the one in the opera concert and also, she cheated on the King Louis XVI.

2- After her first child is born she shows many changes in her attitude and lifestyle. How? Provide examples. Why do you think that happens?

First of all, when her first child was born, she decided to move to another house in the farm. There she teached her daughter how to treat animals and the flowers and she seemed to get a little bit more mature, but she was still partying all the time. It was as if she wanted more jewelrry after she had the childen.

3- Some historians have often suggested that Marie Antoinette’s behaviour helped encourage agitation in the people at the beginning of the Revolution. Can you find any instances in the movie that confirm or deny this claim?

Yes she micght have cause agitation due to the fact of  her extravagance and wild spending on clothing, jewellery and court favourites. In the movie this is shown very clearly when they chose the finest shoes or dresses, etc.

4- Towards the end of the movie, we see a more mature woman. How does she show she has somehow stopped being “The Teenage Queen”?

she somehow shows that she had  stopped being “The Teenage Queen” when the people of france attack Versailles adn she decides to stay by her husband side although he begged er to leave with the kids. She wanted to stay and support him and in a way that shows maturity and responsability.

Publicado en history | Deja un comentario

History Virtual Period: Railways in Argentina

The importance of foreign capital in the construction of the Argentine railways is perhaps overstated, with initial construction of the network beginning in 1855 at first with Argentine finance, which continued throughout the network’s development. The Buenos Aires Western, Great Western and Great Southern railways (today the part of the San Martin, Sarmiento and Roca railways respectively) were all commenced using Argentine capital with the Buenos Aires Western Railway being the first to open its doors in the country, along with its Del Parque Railway Station.

Following the adoption of liberal economic policies by president Bartolome Mitre, these railways were sold off to foreign private interests, consisting of mostly British companies, in what would be the first of many acts where the ideological climate of the time would define the fate of the Argentine railways. These sales also included Argentina’s first railway, the Buenos Aires Western (by now 1,014 km long), which was sold in 1890 to the British company New Western Railway of Buenos Aires for just over 8.1 million pounds (close to £500 million in 2005 money.

The Argentinian railways were one of the most prosperous and effective in the world by the middle of the 20th century.

By the end of the Second World War, the United Kingdom owed Argentina m$n 2 billion after the country had filled the gaps in food shortages during the war effort. Following what was then a worldwide trend, the private companies were nationalised by the government of Juan Perón, beginning in 1946 with the French railways and then purchasing the British railways after an agreement was signed cancelling the British debt in 1947. Perón later claimed in an interview that the British envoys had offered him a bribe of US$100 million if the state paid an extra m$n 6 billion for the railways on top of the debt cancellation.



Publicado en history | Deja un comentario

Ensayo: Juan Rulfo y el Boom Latinoamericano

Escribir un ensayo argumentativo en el cual se justifique la relación de los cuentos de El llano en llamas, de Juan Rulfo, con la narrativa característica de los autores del boom latinoamericano.

Presentar al menos 3 argumentos.
Utilizar citas pertinentes.
Analizar ambos cuentos leídos en clase.
PRESENTACIÓN: en el blog, en una entrada independiente con título “Ensayo sobre los cuentos de Juan Rulfo”


Ensayo: Juan Rulfo y sus cuentos


Los cuentos “La noche que lo dejaron solo” y “Nos han dado la tierra” como ejemplos de los cuentos de Juan Rulfo en general, demuestran las características del boom editorial latinoamericano y sus características más frecuentes.


Los escenarios utilizados en cada cuento tienen una semejanza significativa a latinoamérica, en las cuales tienen importancia para las historias, como la presencia impactante a la sociedad de la pobreza, los conflictos y mala organización en las instituciones, y las bajas condiciones de vida que son un elemento casi imprescindible. Rulfo claramente es inspirado por sus alrededores en los cuales el creció.


El uso de realismo mágico, que es usado muy frecuentemente por los autores que pertenecen al boom editorial latinoamericano, también es una característica crucial para identificar los cuentos de Rulfo como parte de dicho movimiento editorial. La creencias y eventos sobrenaturales son más aceptados y menos cuestionados en América del Sur. Esto forma gran parte de los personajes, tanto primarios como secundarios, y sus formas de ser.


El escenario en que se presenta las historias está claramente basado en latinoamérica y sus características como continente. Como se presenta latinoamérica es una gran conexión entre las obras literarias que pertenecen al boom editorial. En todos se puede ver un claro énfasis en la presencia de la naturaleza en la vida cotidiana, teniendo un aspecto idéntico al sudamericano. Un claro ejemplo está en “Nos han dado la Tierra”, en la siguiente cita: “Uno platica aquí y las palabras se calientan en la boca con el calor de afuera”.

Para concluir, Juan Rulfo y sus cuentos pertenecen al boom editorial latinoamericano tantopor sus escenarios, personajes y elementos sudamericanos

Publicado en lengua | Deja un comentario

Literature – Virtual Period: Verse Written in her Death Bed

Literature – Virtual Period: Verse Written on her Death Bed


About Mary Monck:

She lived approximately 38 years (1677-1715) during the Stuart Period in Britain, which was an era that mostly was focused on religion, finance and the end of the tudors. She was a poet in one of the lower social classes inside the British aristocracy. She considered her marriage as one of the most significant elements of her life, as most British women did at the time.


The poem is definitely based on her life as it is about her relationship with her husband and what she considers to be her soul mate. After having suffered for a long time she gives a farewell to him, the only person who she actually cares about.


Themes: Relationships, love, final words

Tone: emotional, gentle melancholic


Personally, I find this poem very reflexive on a life that is nearing it’s last breath and how a lot of suffering can be worth it as long as you do it with the right person next to you.


Virtual Period

A song that shares the same topic of everlasting relationships is “Wonderful Tonight” by Eric Clapton. This ballad describes an evening out between a man and woman who have been together long-term. At the party they attend, he watches as others eye his beautiful partner, and he is mesmerizes by her beauty, charm, and empathy as they return home late at night.

Publicado en literature | Deja un comentario

“I Find No Peace” – Literature Virtual Period


I find no peace, and all my war is done.

I fear and hope. I burn and freeze like ice.

I fly above the wind, yet can I not arise;

And nought I have, and all the world I season.

That loseth nor locketh holdeth me in prison

And holdeth me not—yet can I scape no wise—

Nor letteth me live nor die at my device,

And yet of death it giveth me occasion.

Without eyen I see, and without tongue I plain.

I desire to perish, and yet I ask health.

I love another, and thus I hate myself.

I feed me in sorrow and laugh in all my pain;

Likewise displeaseth me both life and death,

And my delight is causer of this strife.


1-What situation is the speaker reflecting on?

The speaker reflects on his twisted feelings about love. He is very confused due to his suffering and still cannot feel happy.

2-What metaphors and similes does he use to express his feelings?

“I fear and hope. I burn and freeze like ice”.

“I find no peace, and all my war is done.”

3-How many separate paradoxes are in the poem?

There are almost 10 different paradoxes in the poem portraying the speaker´s opposed and twisted feelings, giving a very contrasting image.

4-What is the cumulative effect of so many paradoxes?

All the paradoxes show the effect that love has on the speaker, as a consequence of playing him, it is left clear the power it has. The speaker has no real idea of what he has to do, as he does not understand his feelings.

5-What is the general topic of the paradoxes in lines 1-4?

Passion and restlessness.

6-What is the general topic of the paradoxes in lines 5-8?

Mind Imprisonment and Isolation.

7-Why does the speaker in line 11 declare that hating himself is the consequence of loving another?

In this line, Wyatt uses a paradox, to show that for him, loving somebody always involves hurting himself.

8-Why is it ironic that his “delight” is the “causer of this strife”?

This is ironic because they contradict each other. Delight is not a cause of strife, it is a cause of pleasure and joy.

9-To what extent do you think the paradoxes are an accurate expression of the feelings of a person in love, particularly in light of the fact that in the 16th century the completely free and unchaperoned meetings of lovers were not easily arranged?

10-To what extent do the paradoxes capture the agonies of the speaker?

The paradoxes capture the agonies of the speaker at a full extent. He is very damaged and frustrated by love. He has no peace due to love twist and mixed feelings. All of these statements make a conflicted speaker.

Publicado en ingles, literature | Deja un comentario

Pupil Reflex




  • receptor detects a stimulus – change in the environment
  • sensory neurone sends signal to relay neurone
  • motor neurone sends signal to effector
  • effector produces a response

The way the iris in our eye adjusts the size of the pupil in response to bright or dim light is also a reflex action.


In bright light:

  • Radial muscles of the iris relax.
  • Circular muscles of the iris contract.
  • Less light enters the eye through the contracted pupil.

In dim light:

  • Radial muscles of the iris contract.
  • Circular muscles of the iris relax.
  • More light enters the eye through the dilated pupil.

BBC-Eye Pupil Reflex – YouTube

Publicado en biology | Deja un comentario

Ode on Melancholy – John Keats

On the writer:

John Keats


Writer´s background

-He had a short life, but although of this,was an icon of romanticism. He was born in London in 1795. His father died when he was 8 years old. He first registered as a medical student in his early career. During his training as a medical student, he had a lot of time to write meanwhile. His medical career never took off. He wrote his first poem, “An Imitation of Spencer”, when he was 19 (1814). In his very early works he got bad reviews but with time he started to get recognition. John wrote poetry seriously for 6 years. Keats got tuberculosis because of traveling.  He only got to publish four only. He died being 25 years old in 1821, in Rome.


Literature Movement

-The literary movement that transcurred during John’s lifetime was Romanticism. He became one of the icons of this Movement.



Ail- trouble or afflict

‘Knight at arms’- an armored man, usually casted as a brave warrior

Sidelong- towards the side

Sore- to cause physical or mental pain; to wound

Lulled- quieted, reduced to calmness

Gloam- twilight

Loitering- the of loiter (to idle, to waste one’s time)

Sedge- a disease incident to oats, characterized by a thickening of the stem near the ground, said to be caused by a grub

Woe- an exclamation of grief or surprise

Meads- a meadowland

Faery- the realm or the world of fays or fairies; fairyland, fairydom; with little or no resemblance to the fairies of popular belief

Garland- a wreath made of flowers, leaves, etc. worn on the head like a crown or hanging about an object for decoration

Elfin- fairy-like; full of strange charm

Grot- a cave or cavern, especially one which is picturesque, or which forms an agreeable retreat

Betide- to happen; befall

Sojourn- a temporary stay at a place


Definition: Melancholy

-A gloomy state of mind; depression

-Sober thoughtfulness

-A feeling of thoughtful sadness


Publicado en literature | Deja un comentario